The Life, Times and People of Thomas Ray Allen #A to Z Challenge Theme Reveal

This is my 5th year participating in the A to Z Challenge. This year I am going to use the life of my great great grandmother’s brother Thomas (Ray) Allen as the basis of my blog posts in April. I first “found” him in late November of 2016.  Thomas served in the United States Colored Troops during the Civil War.  By ordering his pension file I was able to find the names of his family, friends, people who served with him during the war and the name of the man who formerly enslaved him.  Through researching these people using census records, directories, Catholic Baptismal records and DNA matches, I was able to find other family members and get a picture of his life in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

Click to learn more about the A to Z Challenge.

Making Connections

Last year I made contact with one of my DNA matches on 23 & Me, but I did not know how we were related because I  did not know that the name Primus was part of my family tree at that time.

Click to enlarge documents below. To navigate back to the blog post, click on the arrow up there at the top of the page.

My grandparents – Dr. Albert Buford Cleage  and Pearl Doris Reed in 1909 outside of Witherspoon United Presbyterian Church, Indianapolis, Indiana during the time the letters were written.

In November of 2016, during “National Novel Writing Month” I was working on writing a book  using my grandfather Dr. Albert B. Cleage’s letters to my future grandmother, Pearl Reed Cleage.

At one point he was sending letters to my grandmother c/o Katy Allen. I couldn’t find Katy Allen the first time I looked a few years ago when I was first blogging about the letters.

I took another look and found Katy Allen in the Indianapolis directory.

Using Katy Allen’s address I was able to find them in the 1900 census with her husband Thomas Allen.

Looking at his death certificate, I was stunned to find that “Clara Green” was listed as his mother.  That was my great grandmother Anna Ray Allen Reed’s mother. Thomas Allen was her brother.

I found Thomas Ray in the 1870 census living with Sarah Primus/Prymous. Family relationships are not given in the 1870 census.  I had experienced family members living together without being identified as such before and wondered if Thomas and Sarah were siblings.

I set up a tree for Sarah and the Primus family and eventually found a death certificate for one of the children where Sarah’s maiden name was given as “Ray”, which was Thomas’  last name before he changed it from the slave owner’s name of Ray to his father’s name, “Allen”.  Read about that name change in his Will here.

My grandmother’s handwritten family tree gives her grandmother’s name as “Clara Hoskins.” I was never able to find her using that name because she was married to James Green in the 1870 and 1880 census and using Clara Green.

I had found Perry and Rachael Hoskins living near Clara in the 1870 and 1880 census. They had also been free and enumerated in the 1860 census. I decided to take another look at them.

Although the Death Records for Marion County do not include the 1880 and 1890, I found their graves in Find-a-grave. And I found their Wills.

Perry died first. He left everything to his wife Rachael. Racheal left money to St. Augustine Catholic Churches priest and for the upkeep of her husband’s grave. She also left $20 each to Sarah Jane Primus and Anna Reed.  Unfortunately she did not mention any relationship with them.

One day recently, I received an email from 23 & Me.  I had 80 new relatives waiting to discover our link. I decided to go look and see who they were.

I have not checked 23 & Me recently because I can never make the connections between the DNA and my tree.  I wrote a contact who matched me, my aunt Gladys and several of my second cousins in the Reed line. She wrote back and gave me two names that didn’t mean anything to me. Then she added the message “Also look for the name Primus or Promise. My dad’s great grandmother was Sue (Susan). Rae Primus”.  PRIMUS! Just the family I had been looking for a connection with!

You can see Susan Primus up in the 1870 census as a nine year old. I had found Susan, one of Sarah’s daughters, but I had not found her marriage record, so her married name meant nothing to me, but Primus! These were the very people I had spent the last couple of months researching!  And because I had done all that research, I knew who they were.  The connection between two of my great great grandmother’s children has been made.

Now I am going to find the link between Perry and Rachael Hoskins and my great great grandmother Clara.

You can find other blog posts about Anna Ray Allen Reed and family here The Reeds

Thomas Allen – Last Will and Testament 1907


Last week I decided to take one more look at a question I had about my grandfather Albert B. Cleage’s letters to his future wife, Pearl Reed – who was the Katy Allen at 2715 N. Capital St. Indianapolis, where he sent my grandmother letters for several months in 1910? I had looked for Katy Allen several years ago when I first posted some of the letters on my blog, and found nothing. I only had her name and street address.

Recently I looked again and found Katy Allen in the Indianapolis City Directory for several years around 1910. She was listed as the widow of Thomas Allen. I then found her in the 1900 census with her husband and then I found his death certificate from 1907 (all on ancestry) His mother’s name was listed as “Clara Green”, which was my grandmother Pearl’s mother Anna’s mother’s name – which made him my grandmother Pearl’s uncle and her mother Anna’s brother. I have never found any relatives for Anna except her mother and children. I remember that Anna’s maiden name was given as “Ray” on some of her children’s records.

Today I looked some more and found Thomas Allen’s Will. It said he used to go by the name of “Ray” which was his former master’s name but he changed it to “Allen” after he got out of the service (he gave his unit as 5th US Colored Calvary). In the military record, there is his former slave holder’s full name! Now this particular branch of the family was very close mouthed about anything to do with slavery, although they did mention those Cherokee Ancestors who passed on no dna. So, from looking for some info for my nanowrimo, I found a new ancestor, my first United States Colored Troops family member, the last slave holder for that particular branch of the family and who the person was at that N. Capital St. address.

Last Will and Testament of Thomas Allen

State of Indiana

Marion County

I, Thomas Allen, a resident of Marion County, Indiana, and being of sound and disposing mind and memory, do make, publish and declare this to be my last will and testament, hereby revoking all former wills by me made.

I, Thomas Allen, known on the war records of Company D, Fifth United States Colored Calavry, and in matters relating to my pension business (act of June 27, 1890, Inv. Cft. 693170) as Thomas Ray, wish to explain that this difference is caused by my enlisting in the army under the name of my former master owner, whose name was Ray.  However, after my discharge, I took the name of Allen, which was my fathers name and which is my true and correct name, and the name und which I have transacted all other business and under which I was married to my present wife, and the name under which I am known and recognized by my neighbors, friends and acquaintances, and that Thomas Ray and Thomas Allen are the same and identical persons –

Item #1. I give and devise to my beloved wife, Kate Allen, the following described real estate, situated in the city of Indianapolis, County of Marion and State of Indiana, and described as follows: – Lot number twenty-five (25) in Ruddell and Vintons Park Place, Plat Book number four (4), Page one hundred ninety (190) in the Recorder’s Office of Marion County, Indiana.

Item #2. I give and bequeath to my wife, Kate Allen, all of the personal property of which I may die seized.

Item #3. I constitute and appoint Otts Delp executor of this will.  

Witness my hand and seal, this 23rd day of July, A.D., 1907, at Indianapolis Indiana.

Wm. S. Steavens  Henry C. Bade  Thomas Allen

The foregoing instrument signed, sealed and acknowledged by said Thomas Allen as and for his last will and testament in our presence, who, at his request, and in his presence, and the presence of each other, have subscribed our names as witnesses there to, this 23rd day of July 1907.

Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 23rd day of July, 1907.

Bert Delp

Affidavit of Death

State of Indiana, Marion County, Set”

Otto Delp being duly swornm on oath says that Thomas Allen departed this life on or about the 10 day of November 1907 and at the time of his death was a resident of said County and State.

Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 14 day of November A.D. 1907       Otto Delp

Leonard M. Quill Clerk

Proof of Will

Before the Clerk of the probate court of the County of Marion, in the State of Indiana, personally came William S. Stevens and Henry C. Bade subscribing witnesses to the forgoing instrument of writing, who being by me first duly sworn, upon oarth depose and say that Thomas Allen testator named in the instrument of writing purporting to be his LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT, did sign seal, publish and decare the same to be his last will and testament, on the day of the date thereof; that the said testor was at the same time of the full age of twenty-one years, and of sound and disposing mind and memory, and that he was under no coercion, compulsion or restraint, and that he was competent to devise his property. And that the said testator so signed, sealed, published and declared the same to be his last will and testament in manner and form as aforesaid, in the presence of affiant and of – the other subscribing witness…thereto and that each attested the same and subscribed their names as witnesses thereto, in the presence and at the request of said testator, and in the presence of each other.  Wm. S. Stevens   Henry C. Bade

Subscried and sworn to before me in witness of which, I hereunto affix the seal of said Court, and subscribe my name at Indianapolis, this 14 day of November A.D. 1907

Leonard M. Quill Clerk

Joseph Turner’s Will

While looking for a death record on Ancestry for Elizabeth Turner, daughter of Joe and Luella Turner, I found the Will of my 2X great grandfather, Joseph Turner of Lowndes County, Alabama.  I had looked for his Will before without finding it.  Below are the Will and a transcription.

The Will of Joseph Turner appears in Will Book D,page 248,  Lowndes County, Alabama.


Will of Joseph Turner

State of Alabama County of Lowndes

Know all men by these presents that, I, Joseph Turner, of said county of Lowndes, being in good health, and of sound mind, realizing the uncertainty of life, and wishing to provide for my younger children during their minority, do make this my last will and testament, hereby revoking all former wills by me at any time made.


I will that ll my just debts be paid by my executrix here – in after named, as soon after my death as she can conveniently pay.


I give, devise and bequeath to my beloved wife Luella Turner all of my estate, both real, personal and mixed in Trust for the use and benefit of herself and my minor children, during their minority, equally, until my youngest child then living shall have reached the age of twenty-one years.


After my youngest child then living, shall have arrived at the age of twenty one years, my will is, that all of my estate of every description be divided equally, share and share alike, between my said wife, Luella Turner and all my children, and in the event any of my said children die, before such division takes place, leaving a child or children, him or her surviving, then such share as my said child should have received if living, shall go to his or her children.


I do nominate and appoint my said wife, Luella Turner to be the executrix of this my last will and testament without band. Expressly exempting her from all liability to any person or court for any misuse of any personal property belonging to my estate, and for any and all rents which may accrue during the said minority of my youngest then living child. Except, my said wife again marry, in that event, and from the date of such marrying again by my said wife Luella, she shall be held strictly accountable for the proper use and distribution of my estate as herein before set out.

In testimony whereof I set my hand and seal, this 11 day of December 1909.

Joseph (his mark X) Turner (Seal)

Signed, sealed and published as his last will and testament by the said Joseph turner in our presence, and we in his presence, and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses, at his request, on this the 11 day of December 1909.

Jos. R. Bell

S.M. Salley

Filed for Probate in office this the March 10, 1919

W.H. Lee,

Judge of Probate Court

Testimony of Joseph R Bell.

The State of Alabama, Lowndes County } Probate Court

In the matter of the Probate of the Last Will and Testament of Joseph Turner Deceased.

Before me, W.H. Lee, Judge of Probate Court in and for the County and State aforesaid, personally appeared in open Court Jos. R. Bell, who having been by me first duly sworn and examined, did and doest depose and say that he and S.M. Salley subscribing witnesses to the forgoing instrument of writing now shown to the said affiant and which purports to be the last Will and Testament of Joseph Turner, deceased, lat an inhabitant of this count; that the said Joseph Turner since deceased signed and executed said instrument on the day the same bears date, and declared the same to be his last will and testament, and that affiant set his signature thereto, on the day the same bears date, as a subscribing witness to the same, in the presence of said testator and at his request, and in the presence of each other, and that said testator was of sound mind and disposing memory and understanding, and, in the opinion of affiant, fully capable of making his said will at the time the same was so made as aforesaid. And deposent further states that said testator was, on the day of the date of said will, of the full age of twenty-one years and upward and a resident of this county.

Jos. R. Bell

Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 28 day of April W. D. 1919.

W.H. Lee

Judge Probate Court, Lowndes County

Filed in office April 28 – 1919:  The State of Alabama, W.H. Lee Judge of Probate

Lowndes County,    I, W.H. Lee, Judge of the Probate Court in and for the county and State aforesaid, do hereby certify that the within instrument of writing has this day in said court and before me as the Judge thereof been duly proven by the testamony of Jas. R. Bell subscribing witness, to be the genuine last will and testament of Joseph Turner, deceased and that said will, together with the proof thereof, has been recorded in my office in Book No D of Wills at page 248.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said Probate Court on this the 28th Day of April A.D. One thousand nine hundred and nineteen.

W.H. Lee Judge Probate Court Lowndes County


Looking for DNA Connections

I recently became aware of some DNA cousins with links to Edgefield, S.C. Although I have several ancestors who were born in South Carolina or who had parents born in South Carolina, they were all born during slavery and I had no way of knowing where in South Carolina they were born.  There is no oral history to give a hint.  Below is a picture of our match on Chromosome 16. The blue is European DNA and the maroon is African. He matches me right where that little bit of blue is on his chromosome.

We match on that little bit of European DNA on Chromosome 16.
We match on that little bit of European DNA he has on Chromosome 16.

Last night I was reading the book “Our Ancestors, Our Stories”.  This is a collaborative book by by Bernice Alexander Bennett, Ellen LeVonne Butler, Ethel Dailey, Harris Bailey (Jr.), and Vincent C. Sheppard who all have ties to Edgefield, S.C.. As I was reading the Introduction, which gives an historical overview of this county, I realized that although I did not know where in South Carolina my ancestors came from, I did know of at least one person among the slave holders who came from Edgefield.  Her maiden name was Frances A. Moseley.  She was married to Wiley Turner and it was in his probate records that I found my 2X great grandfather Joseph Turner listed among the enslaved.

Frances A. Moseley was born in 1814 in Edgefield South Carolina and died in 1870 in Lowndesboro, Lowndes county Alabama.  Her father was James Alexander Moseley who was born around 1768 in Orangeburg South Carolina and moved to Edgefield before his marriage to Mary Ann Wooten in 1796. He remained there until his death in 1828.

In his Will, James Alexander Moseley named the enslaved persons that he left to his wife and children.  They were

Sarah and her three children, Mariah, Caroline and Hester to be sold immediately after his death.

Fanny a Negroe that I lent to my daughter Sally that I give her the said Negroes.

Beck a Negro woman and her children that I lent my daughter Mary

Pomply, a negroe man to son John.

Arnal, a Negroe man to son Middleton

Bob to my son Clement.

Son James a Negroe boy Lewis

To daughter Frances a negroe girl Milly

Daughter Harriet a negroe girl Judy

Daughter Patsey a negro girl Kize and Nance

I give to my daughter Lizar a Negroe girl Silva.

To beloved wife Mary, a negroe woman Luceleathey and a Negro man Buck.  He also left her the balance of his slaves.

Moesely and other family members appear in the book “Slave Records of Edgefield County, South Carolina” by Gloria Ramsey Lucas among the salers and buyers.

Timeline for Joe Turner, Hayneville, Lowndes County AL (1849 -1919)

Wiley Turner plantation Hayneville, Lowndes county, Alabama. Man plowing with a mule. Chickens under a house. My great grandmother Jennie Allen Turner with her children Daisy and Fannie Turner after the death of her husband Howard Turner. Lowndes county Courthouse, Hayneville, Lowndes County. Click to enlarge.

Joe Turner was my maternal grandmother Fannie Turner Graham’s grandfather. This is his timeline as I continue to investigate his life and that of his community in Hayneville, Lowndes County, Alabama.

I found the Index of Deeds, Mortages etc. for Lowndes County online at Joe Turner is listed both buying and selling and mortgagine propery, as are several others who were formerly enslaved on Wiley Turner’s plantation. When I order the microfilm of the actual records I will be able to see dates and names and other information.

Sources for the information below is in italics at the end of the entries. All took place in Lowndes County, most in Hayneville area.


  • 1841 Born into slavery in Alabama.
  • 1853 Age 12. Appears as “Joe (white)” in list of enslaved with ages and valuation. Wiley Turner estate file page 657.
  • 1855 Age 14. Lists of enslaved and livestock divided for heirs. Wiley Turner estate file page 717.
  • 1857 Dec Age 16 “Valuation of entire slave property of decd- names of…” Joe appears as “Yellow Joe”  Wiley Turner estate file page 796.
  • 1861 11 Jan. Alabama seceded from the Union.
  • 1861 Age 20 – Marriage to Emma Jones (1842–1901) – during slavery. 1900 US Census
  • 1862 Age 20 — Birth of Daughter Lydia Turner (1862–) 1870 US Census
  • 1864 Age 22 — Birth of Son Howard Turner (1864–1892) 1870 US Census
  • 1865 9 June Age 24 –  Bill from Dr. W.H. Haigler for Quinine for Joe.Wiley Turner estate file page 637.
  • 1865 Age 24 – List of enslaved. Joseph  Wiley Turner estate file page 544.
  •  1865 December 18 – Slavery legally over in Alabama.
  • 1866 Age 24 – Birth of Daughter Fannie Turner (1866–1880) 1870 US Census.
  • 1866 Age 25 – Alabama State Census Hayneville, Lowndes County.
  • 1867 Age 25 – Birth of Son Joe Turner (1867–1920) 1870 US Census.
  • 1867 Age 26 – Residence Lowndes, Alabama, USA Alabama Voter Registration Records.
  • 1869 Age 27 – Birth of Daughter Anna Turner (1869–) 1870 US Census.
  • 1870 Age 29 – Residence Hayneville, Lowndes, Alabama. 1870 US Census.
  • 9 Jan 1876 Age 34 – Birth of Son Alonza Turner (1876–1944) 1880 US Census.
  • 1880 (before) Age 38 – Death of Daughter Fannie Turner (1866– before 1880)
  • 1880 Age 39 – Residence Prairie Hill & Gordonsville, Lowndes, AL. Farming 1880 US Census and 1880 Agricultural Census.
  • 1890 -1891 • Age 49 — Turner vs Turner Probate Court land dispute. Hayneville, Lowndes County, AL.
  • 1892 Age 51 — Death of Son Howard Turner (1864–1892) Mentioned in court case above and oral history.
  • 1900 Age 59 — Residence Gordonsville, Lowndes, Alabama. 1900 US Census.
  • 1901(about) Age 60 – Death of Wife Emma Jones (1842–1901) Lowndes County. Emma disappears from records and Joe remarries.
  • 1902 22 Jan Age 60 – Marriage Luella Freeman (1880–1977) Gordonsville, Lowndes, AL. “Alabama, Marriages, 1816-1957″
  • 1903 Age 61 — Birth of Son John Van Turner (1903–1943) Lowndes County AL. 1910 US Census.
  • 1904 Age 62 – Birth of Daughter Anna E. Turner (1904–1924) Lowndes County. 1910 US Census.
  • 1906 10 Oct  Age 65 – Birth of Son Daniel Turner (1906–) Lowndes County. 1910 US Census.
  • 1908 Age 66 – Birth of Son Buck Turner (1908–1931) Lowndes County Alabama 1910 US Census
  • 1909 Age 67 – Birth of Daughter Josephine Turner (1909–1915) Lowndes Cty 1910 US Census
  • 1910 Age 69 – Residence Precinct 4, Lowndes, Alabama. 1910 US Census.
  • 1911 Age 69 – Birth of Daughter Elizabeth Turner (1911–) Hayneville, Lowndes, Alabama. 1920 US Census.
  • 1912 25 Feb Age 70 – Birth of Son Talmadge Turner (1912–1987) Lowndes County Alabama. 1910 US Census.
  • 1914 21 Aug Age 73 – Birth of Daughter Luella Turner (1914–1916) Lowndes County Alabama. 1910 US Census.
  • 1915 19 Feb • Age 73 – Death of Daughter Josephine Turner (1909–1915). Alabama, Death Index, 1908-59.
  • 1916 23 Mar Age 74 – Death of Daughter Luella Turner (1914–1916). Alabama, Death Index, 1908-59.
  • 1919 7 Feb Age 77 – Death Lowndes County. Alabama, Death Index, 1908-59.
  • 1919  Birth of Daughter Selena Turner (1919–2011) Lowndes County AL. 1920 US Census.




1854 Doctors Visits to the Turner Plantation

Turner Plantation house – Picking cotton – Slave dwelling – Lowndes County Courthouse, Hayneville AL

There are four lists from different dates for doctors visits to the enslaved on the Turner plantation. Sometimes those treated are named and sometimes they are just referred to as “Negroes”.  I have added the ages of those who are named based on other lists from the estate files.

Dr. C.B. Lampley was the doctor listed for this time period.  Lampley was born in 1830 in Richmond County, NC. His family relocated to Alabama by 1850. He married Thurza Rudolph of Lowndes County.  They had two children. In the 1860 census he enslaved four people, a 35 year old mulatto woman, a 30 year old black man, a fifteen year old mulatto girl and a 14 year old black male. They lived in two dwellings. He joined the Confederate Army where he became a surgeon. He was lamed and later resigned due to diabetes and general debility.  During 1854 and 1855 he visited the Turner plantation to treat the enslaved – pulling teeth, lancing abscesses, bleeding and dosing with medication.

Click on images to enlarge for easier reading.

1854 doctor visitsDocument3





Joe Turner in the 1853 Estate File of Wiley Turner – Lowndes County, Alabama

Recently I decided to find the plantation where my 2X great grandparents, Joe and Emma Turner were enslaved. I started by looking at white Turners in Hayneville, Lowndes County, Alabama where my family lived in 1870. I found Wiley Turner and his brother Thomas Turner. Both died in 1851. Wiley’s estate file contained several lists of those enslaved on his plantation.  I found a Joe. I believe is my Joe because there was only one Joe Turner in the area and because he was described as light complected, which my Joe was. I have posted the most complete list that includes names, ages and monetary worth.  There is also an Emmaline who may be my Emma.

I will be writing more about the Turner plantation and those who were once enslaved on it, as I continue to try and piece together the lives of Joe and Emma  Turner and others in their community.

The rebuilt plantation house of Wiley Turner. You can see more photos and information here.  No photos of the slave quarters survive.  In 1860 there were 15 slave dwellings for 75 enslaved people.  Five members of the Wiley Turner family lived in the big house.
Inventory; and Appraisement of the Est. of Wiley Turner, Deceased. 1853

        Sex            Name              Aged about     Worth
1.      Boy        Andrew                    20       $850.00
2.      Girl       Fanny                     20        750.00
3.      Boy        Lewis (Tyus)              24        750.00
4.      Girl       Amy                       29        550.00
5.      Boy        Mordicai                  20        875.00
6.      Girl       Leah                      20        650.00
7.      Boy        Billy (Tyus)              22        850.00
8.      Girl       Martha                    20        700.00
9.      Boy        Toney                     25        600.00
10.     Woman      Ellen & child             40        400.00
11.     Girl       Abby                      14        550.00
12.     Girl       Little Margaret           13        500.00
13.     Boy        Alfred                    22        700.00
14.     Woman      Maria & child Ranson      30        500.00
15.     Girl       Little Jane                9        250.00
16.     Girl       Louisa                     4        250.00
17.     Girl       Adella                     2        175.00
18.     Man        Doctor                    55        240.00
19.     Woman      Mary                      50        175.00
20.     Girl       Eliza                     14        600.00
21.     Girl       Minerva                   12        450.00
22.     Girl       Amanda                    10        350.00
23.     Man        Lewis                     18        750.00
24.     Woman      Lucy                      30        400.00
25.     Man        Adam                      22        500.00
26.     Girl     Mary Ellen & child Edward   18        800.00
27.     Man        Jack                      30        350.00
28.     Woman      Big Margaret              25        650.00
29.     Boy        Jesse (Tyus)              20        900.00
30.     Woman      Elizabeth                 23        650.00
31.     Man        William                   50        400.00
32.     Woman      Rachell                   50        200.00
33.     Boy        Little Charles             8        450.00
34.     Girl       Susan                     18        700.00
35.     Girl       Eliza                     34        400.00
36.     Girl       Harriett                   5        225.00
37.     Man        Sam                       35        400.00
38.     Woman      Lyddy                     30        400.00
39.     Boy        Henry (May)               19        900.00
40.     Woman      Ellen Brown               25        500.00
41.     Man        Robbin                    25        800.00
42.     Woman      Cherry & child Louisa     36        400.00
43.     Boy        Prince                     5        350.00
44.     Woman      Rachell (Patten)          28        700.00
45.     Boy        Robert                    11        500.00
46.     Boy        Frank                      6        300.00
47.     Woman      Maria Ann                 16        700.00
48.     Man        Charles (Rugely)          23        850.00
49.     Woman      Rose & child Gabril       28        650.00
50.     Boy        Washington                14        700.00
51.     Man        John                      24        800.00
52.     Woman      Nelly                     49        200.00
53.     Boy        Abram                     16        900.00
54.     Man        Big Jesse                 26        450.00
55.     Girl       Jane                      18        700.00
56.     Girl       Hager                     23        500.00
57.     Girl       Abegail & child Ema       23        400.00
58.     Woman      Old Rachell               60        100.00
59.     Man        Frederick                 23        850.00
60.     Woman      Clara & child Alford      35        500.00
61.     Girl       Sylvia                    12        500.00
62.     Girl       Lucy                      12        450.00
63.     Girl       Alice                      8        350.00
64.     Boy        Freeman                    6        350.00
65.     Boy        Harrison                   6        350.00
66.     Girl       Julia Ann                  3        200.00
67.     Boy        Henry (Turner)            18        875.00
68.     Man        Old Jim                   45        400.00
69.     Woman      Menty                     45        300.00
70.     Boy        Daniel                     3        200.00
71.     Man        Ben                       33        800.00
72.     Woman      Mary McQueen              28        500.00
73.     Boy        Harry                     12        550.00
74.     Woman      Hannah                    55        200.00
75.     Boy        George                    13        600.00
76.     Woman      Betsey & child Caroline   23        800.00
77.     Girl       Phillis                    8        375.00
78.     Girl       Peggy                      3        225.00
79.     Man        Achilles                  43        650.00
80.     Woman      Mariah Mosely             35        450.00
81.     Girl       Elvira                    14        650.00
82.     Boy        Jim Swagert               18        800.00
83.     Man        Wilson                    28        850.00
84.     Woman      Yellow Jinny              45        400.00
85.     Man        Martin                    26      1,100.00
86.     Woman      Letty                     21        300.00
87.     Man        Hardy                     56        250.00
88.     Boy        Nelson                    15        750.00
89.     Boy        Cary                      13        700.00
90.     Boy        Lloyd                     17        700.00
91.     Boy        Austin                    16        800.00
92.     Boy        Long George               19        350.00
93.     Boy        Isaac                     10        350.00
94.     Boy        Joe (white)               15        650.00
95.     Boy        Jim Patton                14        700.00
96.     Woman      Milly                     55        150.00
97.     Man        Edmond                    38        600.00
98.     Man        Tom                       40        600.00
99.     Boy        Ned                       11        475.00
100.    Girl       Emeline                    9        350.00
101.    Man        Yellow John               24        875.00
102.    Woman      Yellow Milly              30        800.00
103.    Boy        Anthony     infant    (included with Milly)
104.    Boy        Little William            10        450.00
105.    Boy        Carter                     6        350.00
106.    Boy        Braxton                    4        250.00
107.    Woman      Alcey                     40        200.00
108.    Old Man Turner                       65          1.00
109.    Boy        Frank (blind)             18          1.00

Joe and Emma Turner were the parents of Howard Turner who was my grandmother Fannie Mae Turner Graham’s father. You can see other posts about my Turner’s below.

Joe Turner – Land, Mules and Courts

Emma and Joe Turner of Lowndes County Alabama

There were at one time 4 flourishing schools in this county

“There were at one time 4 flourishing schools in this county.” 1868 Hayneville, AL

page 1 letter
“Aug 16, 1868 I have the honor to state that I have just assumed charge of the Bureau at this point and find that the spirit of abuse and austersism is uncontrollable. There were at one time 4 flourishing schools for the freed people in this county but the teachers were so much abused and threatened that they were compelled to close. H_____ men are openly assailed in the streets and there is no protection for person or property…”
page 2 letter
“… (ex)cept by shooting some of them (do)wn. A squad of them usually (are) together and if one is hurt (the) balance interferes in his behalf. I have the honor to ask that (a) squad of U.S. troop be (se)nt here. Their presence is one (tha)t is necessary to keep these (mi)sserable out-laws down. I think it is a duty this (gov(ernment owes her ex soldiers to (pr)otect them. waiting a favorable answer. (I) am ______ very truly your ob(edien)t Servant, W.H.Hunter A.S.A.C. fr(om Lowndes Co Ala

You can see all 13 sheets in the file on Family Search at this link, Alabama, Freedmen’s Bureau in Hayneville, Alabama.  You can enlarge both of the images above by clicking on them.

My 2X great grandfather, Joe Turner was enumerated in the 1866 Alabama State census with his family of five living in Lowndes County, Alabama. In the 1870 census they were enumerated In Hayneville, Lowndes County. Joe was a farmer with $300 worth of personal goods. Neither he nor his wife Emma could read or write. The children were Lydia 8, Howard 7 (my great grandfather), Fannie 6, Joe 3 and Annie born in August of that year.

A-Z Challenge Reflections for 2016

Click to see more Reflection posts.

This was my 4th year participating in the A to Z challenge.  This year I wrote about people who were born into slavery and lived to be free. I found myself (once again) spending hours everyday researching and writing up my posts.

I also visited at least 5 new blogs, most days more. In addition when I found blogs I enjoyed, I revisited them throughout the challenge.  Some of the blogs that I visited multiple times were:

I want to express my appreciation for those who work each year to make the A to Z Challenge happen by setting up and monitoring the linky lists, contributing art work for badges and banners and visiting blogs.

What will I do differently next year?  I am already thinking about what I want to use for my theme next year and plan to write a few posts a month and save them for April 2017.  I enjoyed writing about all the Cleages of Athens, Tennessee last year because it gave me a feeling for the community and the relationships among the families. I missed that in the families I wrote about this year. I will be picking a theme that lets me go more in depth on a town where some of my ancestors lived in Tennessee, Kentucky or Alabama.

Below are links to the posts I wrote for this challenge.