1854 Doctors Visits to the Turner Plantation

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Turner Plantation house – Picking cotton – Slave dwelling – Lowndes County Courthouse, Hayneville AL

There are four lists from different dates for doctors visits to the enslaved on the Turner plantation. Sometimes those treated are named and sometimes they are just referred to as “Negroes”.  I have added the ages of those who are named based on other lists from the estate files.

Dr. C.B. Lampley was the doctor listed for this time period.  Lampley was born in 1830 in Richmond County, NC. His family relocated to Alabama by 1850. He married Thurza Rudolph of Lowndes County.  They had two children. In the 1860 census he enslaved four people, a 35 year old mulatto woman, a 30 year old black man, a fifteen year old mulatto girl and a 14 year old black male. They lived in two dwellings. He joined the Confederate Army where he became a surgeon. He was lamed and later resigned due to diabetes and general debility.  During 1854 and 1855 he visited the Turner plantation to treat the enslaved – pulling teeth, lancing abscesses, bleeding and dosing with medication.

Click on images to enlarge for easier reading.

1854 doctor visitsDocument3

 

 

 

 

Joe Turner in the 1852 Estate File of Wiley Turner – Lowndes County, Alabama

Recently I decided to find the plantation where my 2X great grandparents, Joe and Emma Turner were enslaved. I started by looking at white Turners in Hayneville, Lowndes County, Alabama where my family lived in 1870. I found Wiley Turner and his brother Thomas Turner. Both died in 1851. Wiley’s estate file contained several lists of those enslaved on his plantation.  I found a Joe. I believe this is my Joe because there was only one Joe Turner in the area, because he is the right age and because he was described as “white”, and my  great great grandfather Joe Turner was very light skinned.

I have posted the most complete list that includes names, ages and monetary worth.  I will be writing more about the Turner plantation and those who were once enslaved on it, as I continue to try and piece together the lives of Joe and Emma  Turner and others in their community.

Wiley_Turners_plantation
The rebuilt plantation house of Wiley Turner. You can see more photos and information here.  No photos of the slave quarters survive.  In 1860 there were 15 slave dwellings for 75 enslaved people.  Five members of the Wiley Turner family lived in the big house.
Inventory; and Appraisement of the Est. of Wiley Turner, Deceased. February 1852. Those in maroon were set aside for his widow, Francis Turner.
Click to enlarge.

     Sex     Name                Aged      Worth
1.   Boy     Andrew               20     $850.00
2.   Girl    Fanny                20      750.00
3.   Boy     Lewis (Tyus)         24      750.00
4.   Girl    Amy                  29      550.00
5.   Boy     Mordicai             20      875.00
6.   Girl    Leah                 20      650.00
7.   Boy     Billy (Tyus)         22      850.00
8.   Girl    Martha               20      700.00
9.   Boy     Toney                25      600.00
10.  Woman   Ellen & child        40      400.00
11.  Girl    Abby                 14      550.00
12.  Girl    Little Margaret      13      500.00
13.  Boy     Alfred               22      700.00
14.  Woman Maria & child Ranson   30      500.00
15.  Girl     Little Jane          9      250.00
16.  Girl     Louisa               4      250.00
17.  Girl     Adella               2      175.00
18.  Man      Doctor              55      240.00
19.  Woman    Mary                50      175.00
20.  Girl     Eliza               14      600.00
21.  Girl     Minerva             12      450.00
22.  Girl     Amanda              10      350.00
23.  Man      Lewis               18      750.00
24.  Woman    Lucy                30      400.00
25.  Man      Adam                22      500.00
26.  Girl Mary Ellen & boy Edward 18      800.00
27.  Man      Jack                30      350.00
28.  Woman    Big Margaret        25      650.00
29.  Boy      Jesse (Tyus)        20      900.00
30.  Woman    Elizabeth           23      650.00
31.  Man      William             50      400.00
32.  Woman    Rachell             50      200.00
33.  Boy      Little Charles       8      450.00
Click to enlarge
34.     Girl       Susan             18      700.00
35.     Girl       Eliza             34      400.00
36.     Girl       Harriett           5      225.00
37.     Man        Sam               35      400.00
38.     Woman      Lyddy             30      400.00
39.     Boy        Henry (May)       19      900.00
40.     Woman      Ellen Brown       25      500.00
41.     Man        Robbin            25      800.00
42.     Woman  Cherry & child Louisa 36      400.00
43.     Boy        Prince             5      350.00
44.     Woman    Rachell (Patten)    28      700.00
45.     Boy        Robert            11      500.00
46.     Boy        Frank              6      300.00
47.     Woman      Maria Ann         16      700.00
48.     Man     Charles (Rugely)     23      850.00
49.     Woman  Rose & child Gabril   28      650.00
50.     Boy        Washington        14      700.00
51.     Man        John              24      800.00
52.     Woman      Nelly             49      200.00
53.     Boy        Abram             16      900.00
54.     Man        Big Jesse         26      450.00
55.     Girl       Jane              18      700.00
56.     Girl       Hager             23      500.00
57.     Girl  Abegail & child Ema    23      400.00
58.     Woman      Old Rachell       60      100.00
59.     Man        Frederick         23      850.00
60.  Woman   Clara & child Alford    35      500.00
61.     Girl       Sylvia            12      500.00
62.     Girl       Lucy              12      450.00
63.     Girl       Alice              8      350.00
64.     Boy        Freeman            6      350.00
65.     Boy        Harrison           6      350.00
66.     Girl       Julia Ann          3      200.00
67.     Boy        Henry (Turner)    18      875.00
Click to enlarge.
68.     Man        Old Jim          45      400.00
69.     Woman      Menty            45      300.00
70.     Boy        Daniel            3      200.00
71.     Man        Ben              33      800.00
72.     Woman      Mary McQueen     28      500.00
73.     Boy        Harry            12      550.00
74.     Woman      Hannah           55      200.00
75.     Boy        George           13      600.00
76.    Woman   Betsey & child Caroline 23   800.00
77.     Girl       Phillis           8      375.00
78.     Girl       Peggy             3      225.00
79.     Man        Achilles         43      650.00
80.     Woman      Mariah Mosely    35      450.00
81.     Girl       Elvira           14      650.00
82.     Boy        Jim Swagert      18      800.00
83.     Man        Wilson           28      850.00
84.     Woman      Yellow Jinny     45      400.00
85.     Man        Martin           26    1,100.00
86.     Woman      Letty            21      300.00
87.     Man        Hardy            56      250.00
88.     Boy        Nelson           15      750.00
89.     Boy        Cary             13      700.00
90.     Boy        Lloyd            17      700.00
91.     Boy        Austin           16      800.00
92.     Boy        Long George      19      350.00
93.     Boy        Isaac            10      350.00
94.     Boy        Joe (white)      15      650.00
95.     Boy        Jim Patton       14      700.00
96.     Woman      Milly            55      150.00
97.     Man        Edmond           38      600.00
98.     Man        Tom              40      600.00
99.     Boy        Ned              11      475.00
100.    Girl       Emeline           9      350.00
101.    Man        Yellow John      24      875.00
Click to enlarge
102.    Woman   Yellow Milly          30      800.00
103.    Boy     Anthony infant (included with Milly)
104.    Boy     Little William        10      450.00
105.    Boy     Carter                 6      350.00
106.    Boy     Braxton                4      250.00
107.    Woman   Alcey                 40      200.00
108.    Old Man Turner                65        1.00
109.    Boy     Frank (blind)         18        1.00

Joe and Emma Turner were the parents of Howard Turner who was my grandmother Fannie Mae Turner Graham’s father. You can see other posts about my Turner’s below.

Joe Turner – Land, Mules and Courts

Emma and Joe Turner of Lowndes County Alabama

There were at one time 4 flourishing schools in this county

“There were at one time 4 flourishing schools in this county.” 1868 Hayneville, AL

page 1 letter
“Aug 16, 1868 I have the honor to state that I have just assumed charge of the Bureau at this point and find that the spirit of abuse and austersism is uncontrollable. There were at one time 4 flourishing schools for the freed people in this county but the teachers were so much abused and threatened that they were compelled to close. H_____ men are openly assailed in the streets and there is no protection for person or property…”
page 2 letter
“… (ex)cept by shooting some of them (do)wn. A squad of them usually (are) together and if one is hurt (the) balance interferes in his behalf. I have the honor to ask that (a) squad of U.S. troop be (se)nt here. Their presence is one (tha)t is necessary to keep these (mi)sserable out-laws down. I think it is a duty this (gov(ernment owes her ex soldiers to (pr)otect them. waiting a favorable answer. (I) am ______ very truly your ob(edien)t Servant, W.H.Hunter A.S.A.C. fr(om Lowndes Co Ala

You can see all 13 sheets in the file on Family Search at this link, Alabama, Freedmen’s Bureau in Hayneville, Alabama.  You can enlarge both of the images above by clicking on them.

My 2X great grandfather, Joe Turner was enumerated in the 1866 Alabama State census with his family of five living in Lowndes County, Alabama. In the 1870 census they were enumerated In Hayneville, Lowndes County. Joe was a farmer with $300 worth of personal goods. Neither he nor his wife Emma could read or write. The children were Lydia 8, Howard 7 (my great grandfather), Fannie 6, Joe 3 and Annie born in August of that year.