Joe Turner in the 1853 Estate File of Wiley Turner – Lowndes County, Alabama

Recently I decided to find the plantation where my 2X great grandparents, Joe and Emma Turner were enslaved. I started by looking at white Turners in Hayneville, Lowndes County, Alabama where my family lived in 1870. I found Wiley Turner and his brother Thomas Turner. Both died in 1851. Wiley’s estate file contained several lists of those enslaved on his plantation.  I found a Joe. I believe is my Joe because there was only one Joe Turner in the area and because he was described as light complected, which my Joe was. I have posted the most complete list that includes names, ages and monetary worth.  There is also an Emmaline who may be my Emma.

I will be writing more about the Turner plantation and those who were once enslaved on it, as I continue to try and piece together the lives of Joe and Emma  Turner and others in their community.

Wiley_Turners_plantation
The rebuilt plantation house of Wiley Turner. You can see more photos and information here.  No photos of the slave quarters survive.  In 1860 there were 15 slave dwellings for 75 enslaved people.  Five members of the Wiley Turner family lived in the big house.
Inventory; and Appraisement of the Est. of Wiley Turner, Deceased. 1853

        Sex            Name           Aged about   Worth
1.      Boy        Andrew                 20     $850.00
2.      Girl       Fanny                  20      750.00
3.      Boy        Lewis (Tyus)           24      750.00
4.      Girl       Amy                    29      550.00
5.      Boy        Mordicai               20      875.00
6.      Girl       Leah                   20      650.00
7.      Boy        Billy (Tyus)           22      850.00
8.      Girl       Martha                 20      700.00
9.      Boy        Toney                  25      600.00
10.     Woman      Ellen & child          40      400.00
11.     Girl       Abby                   14      550.00
12.     Girl       Little Margaret        13      500.00
13.     Boy        Alfred                 22      700.00
14.     Woman      Maria & child Ranson   30      500.00
15.     Girl       Little Jane             9      250.00
16.     Girl       Louisa                  4      250.00
17.     Girl       Adella                  2      175.00
18.     Man        Doctor                 55      240.00
19.     Woman      Mary                   50      175.00
20.     Girl       Eliza                  14      600.00
21.     Girl       Minerva                12      450.00
22.     Girl       Amanda                 10      350.00
23.     Man        Lewis                  18      750.00
24.     Woman      Lucy                   30      400.00
25.     Man        Adam                   22      500.00
26.     Girl     Mary Ellen & boy Edward  18      800.00
27.     Man        Jack                   30      350.00
28.     Woman      Big Margaret           25      650.00
29.     Boy        Jesse (Tyus)           20      900.00
30.     Woman      Elizabeth              23      650.00
31.     Man        William                50      400.00
32.     Woman      Rachell                50      200.00
33.     Boy        Little Charles          8      450.00
34.     Girl       Susan                  18      700.00
35.     Girl       Eliza                  34      400.00
36.     Girl       Harriett                5      225.00
37.     Man        Sam                    35      400.00
38.     Woman      Lyddy                  30      400.00
39.     Boy        Henry (May)            19      900.00
40.     Woman      Ellen Brown            25      500.00
41.     Man        Robbin                 25      800.00
42.     Woman    Cherry & child Louisa    36      400.00
43.     Boy        Prince                  5      350.00
44.     Woman      Rachell (Patten)       28      700.00
45.     Boy        Robert                 11      500.00
46.     Boy        Frank                   6      300.00
47.     Woman      Maria Ann              16      700.00
48.     Man        Charles (Rugely)       23      850.00
49.     Woman      Rose & child Gabril    28      650.00
50.     Boy        Washington             14      700.00
51.     Man        John                   24      800.00
52.     Woman      Nelly                  49      200.00
53.     Boy        Abram                  16      900.00
54.     Man        Big Jesse              26      450.00
55.     Girl       Jane                   18      700.00
56.     Girl       Hager                  23      500.00
57.     Girl       Abegail & child Ema    23      400.00
58.     Woman      Old Rachell            60      100.00
59.     Man        Frederick              23      850.00
60.     Woman      Clara & child Alford   35      500.00
61.     Girl       Sylvia                 12      500.00
62.     Girl       Lucy                   12      450.00
63.     Girl       Alice                   8      350.00
64.     Boy        Freeman                 6      350.00
65.     Boy        Harrison                6      350.00
66.     Girl       Julia Ann               3      200.00
67.     Boy        Henry (Turner)         18      875.00
68.     Man        Old Jim                45      400.00
69.     Woman      Menty                  45      300.00
70.     Boy        Daniel                  3      200.00
71.     Man        Ben                    33      800.00
72.     Woman      Mary McQueen           28      500.00
73.     Boy        Harry                  12      550.00
74.     Woman      Hannah                 55      200.00
75.     Boy        George                 13      600.00
76.     Woman   Betsey & child Caroline   23      800.00
77.     Girl       Phillis                 8      375.00
78.     Girl       Peggy                   3      225.00
79.     Man        Achilles               43      650.00
80.     Woman      Mariah Mosely          35      450.00
81.     Girl       Elvira                 14      650.00
82.     Boy        Jim Swagert            18      800.00
83.     Man        Wilson                 28      850.00
84.     Woman      Yellow Jinny           45      400.00
85.     Man        Martin                 26    1,100.00
86.     Woman      Letty                  21      300.00
87.     Man        Hardy                  56      250.00
88.     Boy        Nelson                 15      750.00
89.     Boy        Cary                   13      700.00
90.     Boy        Lloyd                  17      700.00
91.     Boy        Austin                 16      800.00
92.     Boy        Long George            19      350.00
93.     Boy        Isaac                  10      350.00
94.     Boy        Joe (white)            15      650.00
95.     Boy        Jim Patton             14      700.00
96.     Woman      Milly                  55      150.00
97.     Man        Edmond                 38      600.00
98.     Man        Tom                    40      600.00
99.     Boy        Ned                    11      475.00
100.    Girl       Emeline                 9      350.00
101.    Man        Yellow John            24      875.00
102.    Woman      Yellow Milly           30      800.00
103.    Boy        Anthony infant  (included with Milly)
104.    Boy        Little William         10      450.00
105.    Boy        Carter                  6      350.00
106.    Boy        Braxton                 4      250.00
107.    Woman      Alcey                  40      200.00
108.    Old Man Turner                    65        1.00
109.    Boy        Frank (blind)          18        1.00

Joe and Emma Turner were the parents of Howard Turner who was my grandmother Fannie Mae Turner Graham’s father. You can see other posts about my Turner’s below.

Joe Turner – Land, Mules and Courts

Emma and Joe Turner of Lowndes County Alabama

There were at one time 4 flourishing schools in this county

15 thoughts on “Joe Turner in the 1853 Estate File of Wiley Turner – Lowndes County, Alabama”

  1. I was talking to some new found Lowndes County family and they were asking if I knew any Turners from Lowndes County.

    Do you know what happened to Joe Turner Jr.?
    Did he get married? If so, what was his wife’s name?

    1. Joe Turner Jr. married Emmaline Williams, which made it quite confusing for a minute as his parents also were Joe and Emma.

      Joe Turner Sr married his second wife around 1901 after his first wife Emma died. Her name was Luella Freeman. She was quite a bit younger than he was and they had 9 children together before he died at age 80 in 1919.

      I have never been able to find any of my Turners. Recently I did find a descendant of Luella’s sister Annie. We both lamented the fact that we can find no Turners.

      Who did you find? Do you know how they fit into the family? Please give them a link to this post!

      1. I found a Rosie Dean who married a Joe Turner Jr in 1899 in Lowndes County.
        Rosie was my 2x Great Grandmother’s niece.
        Rosie remarried in 1917 in Ottawa County, OH

        1. I found the marriage record for Rosie Dean and Joe Turner in 1899 and a marriage record for Joe Turner and Emmaline Williams for 1900. In 1900 I found Joe Turner living alone, Emma living with her parents and her and Joe’s daughter, Fanny Turner who was born in 1888 (same name and birth year as my grandmother but different parents. They were cousins). In the 1910 census I find Joe and Emma together in Lowndes County and it says they are both in their 2nd marriage. If you could email me at kcleage at gmail dot com and give me some more info about Rosie – parents, birthdate, Ohio husband. Maybe we can figure this out!

  2. Extraordinary research as always Kristin! Have you come across any plantation records detailing the day to day operations of any plantations noted in your research yet? I haven’t, but would love to. But again, I’m not sure just where I would locate those records especially with university libraries clamoring to find them first to add them to their special collections.

    1. In the estate file, which encompassed over 10 years, there are several sheets itemizing doctor visits, who he treated and for what. I will be posting those as soon as I get them transcribed. I have not come across any diaries by enslavers that talk about the day to day operation of the plantation. I have a letter that Sam Cleage wrote to the overseer on the Cleage plantation here http://findingeliza.com/archives/4

  3. I had a strong emotional reaction when I saw the listed values of these individuals. They all made me feel sad. And, even thought it was many years ago, the $1 for “Old Man Turner” and the blind boy really made me worry about their welfare.

  4. I find it heartbreaking to see so many people identified as “property.” Even Thomas Jefferson kept his own children by a slave he owned as property. It boggles the mind. So terribly sad.

    @Kathleen01930 Blog

  5. I’m with the others above – reading through the list of people, ages, ‘values’ made my stomach hurt. Thank you so much for doing this work and sharing it.

    1. When I first find records listing my enslaved ancestor, or sometimes when I’m going over information, I feel emotional about it. Usually, I’m going over and over the information trying to get a picture of the lives that were being lived even during those times.

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